Covidien is trumpeting the five-year results of its ClosureFast™ Long-Term European Multi-Centre Study in patients with Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI). This study evaluates the five-year outcomes of a minimally invasive endovascular therapy for treatment of CVI.
CVI is a progressive, sometimes debilitating medical condition, occuring when valves in the veins of the lower leg no longer function to push blood back to the heart. This allows blood to flow backward, or reflux resulting in enlarged, or varicose, veins. If left untreated, the condition can progress, and, in severe cases, can result in lifestyle-limiting lower leg pain, skin damage and ulcerations. Traditional surgical treatments that close or remove the diseased veins, including vein stripping, may be painful and can result in long recovery times for patients.
Alternatively, patients can be treated with a minimally invasive endovascular procedure such as the Venefit procedure. During the Venefit procedure, the ClosureFast catheter is inserted into the diseased vein and radiofrequency energy is used to seal the vein shut. Blood that would normally return to the heart through the diseased vein travels back through other veins instead. Over time, the treated vein shrinks and is absorbed by the body. Compared with surgical options, minimally invasive ablation of the vein can result in less pain and quicker recovery time.
The ClosureFast prospective, multi-centre study enrolled 225 patients and treated 295 limbs at eight centers in Europe from April 2006 to June 2007. The study treated patients diagnosed with superficial venous reflux with the minimally invasive Venefit procedure using the ClosureFast radiofrequency ablation catheter.
Patients were evaluated following the procedure by duplex ultrasound imaging and clinical examination at three days, three months, six months and in yearly intervals up to five years. Of the 295 treated limbs, 233 (79%) were available for examination at five years. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, at five-year follow-up, full occlusion of the treated vein was observed in 92% of patients (vs. 98% at one year). The vast majority (95%) of patients were free of pathological venous reflux (vs. 99% at one year). This demonstrates durable results of the Venefit™ procedure out to five years.
The average Venous Clinical Severity Score (a multifactorial score measuring disease severity and quality of life) improved from 3.9 ± 2.1 before treatment to 1.3 ± 1.7 at 5 years. In addition, only 14% of limbs were CEAP (disease severity classification) class 3 or higher at 5 years, while, at baseline, 48% of limbs were in the same category.
“The five-year final analysis from the ClosureFast Study shows sustained treatment success in anatomical and clinical categories and supports its leading position in endovenous vein treatment,” said Thomas Proebstle, MD, Universitaets Hautklinik Heidelberg, Germany, who recently delivered the study results at the American College of Phlebology 26th Annual Congress.
“This pivotal study provides substantial long-term data on relevant end-points to help clinicians decide the appropriate treatment for their patients, thus defining Covidien’s commitment to a strong foundation of clinical research,” said Mark A. Turco, MD, Chief Medical Officer, Vascular Therapies, Covidien.
Source: Covidien, Business Wire