FDA Approval for Impella 2.5 in Elective and Urgent High Risk PCI

Abiomed’s Impella 2.5 gained U.S. FDA 510(k) clearance from the FDA in 2008 for multiple indications, including high risk PCI. Then, in late 2012 the agency decided such devices should undergo the full PMA process, but allowed Impella to stay on the market in the meantime. Now the company has duly received a PMA for the device for use during elective and urgent high risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures.

Background

Impella 2.5, the world’s smallest heart pump, is the first hemodynamic support device to receive a PMA indication for use during high risk PCI procedures, demonstrating its safety and effectiveness for this complex patient population.

The approval covers Impella 2.5  for use as a temporary (≤ 6 hours) ventricular support device in a select patient group. It is indicated for use during high risk PCI performed in elective or urgent hemodynamically stable patients with severe coronary artery disease and depressed left ventricular ejection fraction, when a heart team, including a cardiac surgeon, has determined high risk PCI is the appropriate therapeutic option. Use of the Impella 2.5 in these patients may prevent hemodynamic instability that may occur during planned temporary coronary occlusions and may reduce peri- and post-procedural adverse events.

The product labeling allows for the clinical decision to leave Impella 2.5 in place beyond the intended duration of ≤6 hours due to unforeseen circumstances.

The Impella 2.5 PMA submission included clinical and scientific supporting evidence from more than 215 publications, totaling 1,638 Impella 2.5 patients and incorporated a medical device reporting (MDR) analysis from 13,981 Impella 2.5 patients. In addition to PROTECT I and PROTECT II, further data was provided in the submission from 637 high risk patients enrolled in the U.S. Impella registry. The U.S. registry is an ongoing multicenter, observational retrospective registry including 49 centers. The data collection from the registry includes Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, complete data monitoring and Clinical Events Committee adjudication. Additionally, the PMA analysis included hemodynamic science described in the literature and validated with a series of pre-clinical and clinical studies.

The regulatory process now requires that Abiomed will conduct a single arm, post approval study on the Impella 2.5, collecting data on high risk PCI patients.

Physician comments

“The rigorous data from FDA clinical trials such as PROTECT I and PROTECT II demonstrate that complex, high-risk patients undergoing protected PCI with Impella 2.5 support experience reduced adverse events, improved quality of life and are able to return home faster with fewer repeat procedures,” said William O’Neill, M.D., Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. “The heart team approach has evolved into a mainstream practice recognized by the guidelines for determining the need for PCI versus surgery and will continue to act as a platform for the screening and determination of the appropriate revascularization treatment for this high risk patient population.”

Company comments

“Abiomed would like to thank the FDA and all the dedicated caregivers and investigators for this achievement. The FDA approval of the Impella 2.5 device is one of our most significant milestones, representing a clinical advancement for physicians and patients. The FDA’s recognition of this elective and urgent patient population is an important acknowledgement of their growing need for treatment. As heart disease patients get sicker, more complex, and desire minimally invasive solutions, there are few options available to them to help improve their quality of life in a cost effective manner,” said Michael R. Minogue, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Abiomed. “We are excited that Impella has been recognized as a device that can potentially become the new standard of care with a ‘first of its kind’ approval.”

Source: Globe Newswire

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